Brackish Water RO

Seawater Desalination

Disinfection

Other Water Solutions

Brackish water RO

Brackish water is water with salinity levels between seawater and freshwater. It usually occurs underground and in aquifers, when seawater or minerals dissolve in groundwater. Brackish water can be used as a resource for both potable and non-potable purposes, and is much easier to desalinate than seawater.

Reverse Osmosis is a separation process that uses pressure to force a solution from an area of high concentration of solute to a region of low concentration – basically, the opposite of osmosis, where water naturally moves from an area of high concentration of water, to an area with lower concentration of it.

Brackish water treatment by Reverse Osmosis can have the following applications after being treated:

Using treated brackish water in these areas is cost-effective, and reduces environmental impact. It is a futuristic and sustainable solution for the planet. At WSCO, we specialize in making RO plants for Brackish Water Treatment, and can customize water purification solutions for you, no matter your requirement.

Seawater Desalination

Seawater is concentrated with salt and minerals, and hence, is unfit to use. Desalination is the process of removal of salt and minerals from water, making it fit for reuse in domestic and industrial sectors. It produces processed water, ultrapure or potable water, used especially in areas with lack of freshwater resources.

This is accomplished through using membranes (reverse osmosis and nanofiltration) and thermal processes (multi effect distillation, evaporation and crystallization).

The most common method of water desalination is desalination by reverse osmosis (RO).

At WSCO, we use WEST desalination plants, which are also used by companies and municipalities across Saudi Arabia and the Middle East. They are tailored to treat seawaterand brackish water effectively.

Membrane desalination processes are typically applied to treat water with a lower dissolved salt content, as they are less energy intensive than equivalent thermal processes. Recent improvements in energy recovery systems have increased performance of membranes and pre-treatment processes. In addition, high efficiency process designs have led to a reduction in energy consumption, while still maintaining a high product water quality.

We can customize our plant for you, and specialize in all water treatment processes.

Thermal Desalination processes use evaporation and condensation, applying energy, to rid seawater from salts and minerals. It is viable when a lot of energy and electricity is available, like in industries. This method has been used for a long time, and utilizes different distillation processes to do the same.

Disinfection

The process of water disinfection uses chemical methods to eliminate organic and biological waste, like bacteria, fungi, and microorganisms. Depending on the type of waste, the use of the water, and the resources available, the nature of disinfection can be antiseptic, and eliminate the microbiological substances by destroying them, or otherwise.

Water disinfection can be used for the following types of water and water treatment:

Water disinfection is popularly done through 3 methods, all of which we can provide, and have proficiency in:

Ultraviolet Treatment

Ozone Treatment

Chlorine Disinfection

Other Water Solutions

There are multiple other water solutions that can be used to treat your water, depending on its components and the purpose of reuse.

Chlorination

Chlorine is commonly used to disinfect pool water, tank water, and often even drinking water. It kills bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms that can be harmful to its reuse. Chlorination also reduces the amount of iron, manganese, and hydrogen sulphide in the water.

Chlorination is both reliable, and convenient. It is easily available worldwide, and does not leave a harmful amount of residue if dosed correctly.

Chlorine can be used in the following sectors for water disinfection while it’s being treated:

  • Commercial water tanks
  • Household water tanks for domestic use
  • Swimming pools, jacuzzis, etc
  • Municipal water systems for centralised disinfection

Adding chlorine to water for disinfection requires expertise, as different treatment methods and microbe concentration require different amounts of chlorine, depending on the purpose for which the treated water will be used.

Water Filtration

Filtration is the process of removal of impurities like dirt, algae, and other sediments from water, by passing it through a membrane. There are different types of filters that use different mechanisms for filtration, depending on the impurities.

The types of filtration systems we provide are:

  • Self cleaning filters with automatic backwash systems
  • Microfiltration systems with multiple configurations
  • Self contained side stream filters
  • Media filters with low environmental footprint
  • Dynamic separators as an addition to side stream filters

 

Filtration is most commonly used in drinking water treatment processes. WSCO can design plants with all these processes, and combine multiple filtration processes for different plants.

Deionization

Deionization is a water filtration process that is used to separate salt content from water i.e. demineralization. This process requires the passage of water through 2 ion exchange materials, in order to completely rid it of salts.

Deionizers can be used as standalone units for laboratories etc, or as a part oflarger water treatment processes, along with Reverse Osmosis.

We provide multiple deionization systems:

  • Continuous electrodeionization
  • Automatic deionization
  • Portable deionization

Ultrafiltration

Ultrafiltration is a water treatment process used to remove silt deposits from water that can affect Reverse Osmosis membranes. It is a method usually used by larger industries, like those that manufacture steel and plastic, resin, and paper. Ultrafiltration is also used for pretreatment of seawater, and biologically treated municipal water.

Water Softening

Water softening is the removal of metal ions from hard water, like magnesium, sodium, and calcium. This prolongs the life of plumbing pipelines, as fewer deposits are formed. Soft water is also better for domestic use, as it does not affect hair or skin harshly.

WSCO provides water softeners as chemicals, as well as plants.